World Politics and International Organizations
World Politics, also called world politics, refers to both the social field and the scientific study of the political patterns of the world. In the center of this field are the various processes of socio-political globalization in reference to issues of global social power. This area has been an intriguing area of research for many social scientists. It has been theorized that globalization processes are tending towards a “bipolarity” of extreme global division which is characterized by profound differences in both economic growth and development. Globalization has been accompanied by immense communication increases, especially in the information and communication technology sectors, and this has potentially led to two major trends towards increased political division and increased political anarchy in various parts of the world.
Politics is the process of governing a state or society. There are various types of politics such as constitutional government, military government, popular government and so on. World Politics is the branch of science that studies world political situations and the mechanisms of international political interactions. It also looks into the interactions between nations and their decision making system. This is a very vast field, which includes all the different sections of political science. All these various branches of world politics are intimately associated with one another and they are closely related with each other, although different from political to political organization.
Comparative politics is the study of political economies or comparative change. Comparative political economy looks into the relationship between the international relations, politics and economics. This is because the changes in the international relations tend to affect the economic development in a particular country. There are many elements that affect the political economy including finance, trade, technology transfer, political institutions and so on. The political economy has a large role in the global processes and therefore the study of world politics and its impact on the global economy.
International relations is the study of how various nations interact with each other based on different sets of values, interests and ideologies. International political interaction has become one of the most important aspects of globalization that have significantly influenced the creation and maintenance of the open global governance. There are many elements of globalization that are deeply interwoven with international relations; for instance, the fact that there has been the movement towards liberalization, the opening up of markets, liberalization of capital flows, globalization of information, liberalization of trade, etc.
Comparative foreign policy is a field of research on international relations and world politics that aims to provide detailed explanations of the development of international relations and world politics. This provides useful insights on the development of global political order and helps us understand why certain countries behave in certain ways and how other countries behave. Comparative political science also helps us understand how the evolution of global politics and diplomacy influences the relationship between states, the structure of international law and the power balance between powerful and weak nations. These efforts help us understand the complexity of global politics and how it can be better understood through comparative studies in socio-cultural, economic and political arenas. Such studies also help us understand various other aspects of international relations including:
Political science combines knowledge about the society and culture along with the more practical aspect of foreign affairs. Comparative political science also helps us understand different issues in the context of world politics like the relationship between the United States and Russia, the evolution of multipolarity, the evolution of international organizations and freedom-of-identity politics. Comparative political science also helps us understand the evolution of world politics and their effect on domestic issues and foreign policy and the use of force and diplomatic negotiation in shaping international institutions.